My Health Partner Logo
You can find all the necessary information to understand angina, its global impact, its causes and consequences, and how to get angina under control.

What does angina mean?1

Angina, also called angina pectoris, is a type of chest pain or discomfort caused by an imbalance between what your heart needs in oxygen (oxygen demand) and what your heart receives in oxygen (oxygen supply). In other words, it’s when your heart isn’t receiving enough oxygen-rich blood.

It feels like pain, pressure, tightness, or discomfort in your chest but can also express itself in your arms, back, shoulders, neck, jaw, or tummy.

Time Chrono

discomfort

≤ 10 min

in the majority of cases (a few minutes or less)
icon Flash Heart

CHEST PAIN

Lasts a few seconds2
Light bulbDid you know?

1.6%

of the world's population is living with angina3
In Western countries:

30 000 - 40 000 people

per million have chronic stable angina4

What are the 4 types of angina?1,5

there are 4 types of angina that can be diagnosed

1
Stable Angina

2
Unstable Angina

(medical emergency)

3
Microvascular Angina

4
Variant Angina

(also called Prinzmetal angina)
what is the cause?
Usually caused by fatty deposits (also called atherosclerosis) in your arteries or blood clots partially reducing the blood flow to your heartCaused by spasms in the small arteries reducing the blood flow to your heart Caused by a sudden spasm in the arteries of your heart reducing the blood flow to your heart
is there a trigg factor?
Happens because of a trigger (physical activity, emotional stress, heavy meal etc)Happens with or without a trigger (even at rest)Happens with or without a trigger (even at rest)Usually happens between midnight and early morning while you are at rest
is it predictable?
YesNoNoYes (usually)
how is it relieved?
<2-10 min'Usually <20 min'Lasts longer than other types of angina 'Usually <15 min'
how long does it last?
By rest or angina medicationCan continue despite resting or taking medicationCan continue despite resting or taking medication By angina medication

What does it look like in your blood vessels?

1
blood vessel image

Coronary artery disease

Fatty deposits in the artery
2
blood vessel image

Stable and unstable angina

Fatty deposits in the artery or blood clots partially reducing the blood flow to the heart
3
blood vessel image

Microvascular angina and variant angina

Spasms reducing the blood flow to the heart
4
blood vessel image

Heart attack

Obstruction caused by fatty deposits and blood clots
IMPORTANT
If you experience any chest pain, STOP whatever you are doing and follow you doctor's advice!

What are the multiple faces of angina?1,6

Depending on the type of angina you have been diagnosed with and your risk factors, the symptoms vary from person to person in terms of location, frequency, and severity. Chest pain, chest tightness/heaviness, and fatigue are the main symptoms.

Most common symptoms

67.3

CHEST TIGHTNESS / HEAVINESS

57.1

CHEST PAIN

55.0

FATIGUE

50.0

BREATHING DIFFICULTIES

Other symptoms

30.9

STRESS / ANXIETY / DEPRESSION

16.3

STRONG SWEAT

22.8

ARRHYTHMIA / TACHYCARDIA

12.6

JAW / NECK PAIN

22.6

ARM PAIN

7.7

NAUSEA/VOMITING

18.9

DIZZINESS

Light bulbDid you know?

Only 2.7%

of angina patients can describe their angina symptoms in detail spontaneously7

Up to 25%

of patients with monthly angina do not discuss chest discomfort and physical limitations with their doctor8
Show references

References

2
Knuuti J et al. Eur Heart J. 2020;41(3):407-477.
3
Vos T et al. Lancet.2012;380(9859):2163-2196.
4
Ferrari R et al. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2018;15(2):120-132.
6
Ambrosio G et al. Angiology. 2019;70(5): 397-406.​
7
Berliner D et al. J Thorac Dis. 2018;10(suppl 15):S1777-S1784.
8
Alexander KP et al. Interact J Med Res.2016;5(2):e12.
9
Qintar M et al. Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes.2016;2(3):208-214.
My health partner logo
My Health Partner provide personalized, certified,and updated content for patients with multiple cardiovascular risks to have a healthier life. Follow our daily activities and recipes to reduce your risk of cardiovascular events.
Developed and approved by experts : Therapeutic area experts, patient organizations and nutritionists.
The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Last modified date: 4/1/2022